题 目：The success and challenge of Physical Cosmology (物理宇宙学的成功与挑战)
报 告 人：马寅哲 University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Adjunct Professor at Purple Mountain Observatory
地 点：理学部 LA104
In this talk, I will give a brief overview of modern cosmology of the last century and highlight its phenomenal success and distinctive challenge. I will mainly cover the expanding Universe, the Big-Bang Nucleosysthesis, the cosmic microwave background radiation, the epoch of reionization and structure formation. I will discuss what will be the next challenge of astronomical observations and how the new measurements could impact on theory development. Finally, I will address the question, what aspects of the Universe we will never know?
Professor Yin-Zhe Ma obtained his Bachelor degree in Physics from Nanjing University, a master degree from Institute of Theoretical Physics at Chinese Academy of Sciences (supervisor: Prof. Rong-Gen Cai), and a PhD degree in Astronomy from University of Cambridge (supervisor: Prof. George Efstathiou FRS). He conducted CITA National Fellowship at University of British Columbia Canada and a research associate at University of Manchester, and then moved to University of KwaZulu-Natal South Africa as a faculty. He chairs the NAOC-UKZN Computational Astrophysics Centre and Chinese-South African Forum of Astronomy.His research focusses on observational and theoretical cosmology aimed at understanding the fundamental laws of the Universe and uncovering the nature of dark energy and dark matter. He is currently a member of the Square Kilometer Array (SKA) team, the Planck science team, the Hydrogen Epoch Reionization Array (HERA), CMB Stage-4 experiment and LSST (Vera C. Rubin Observatory). He has published over 100 papers, with total citation exceeded 13000, h-index 42. He also serves as an adjunct professor at both National Astronomical Observatory China and Purple Mountain Observatory China. He was awarded the NSFC Oversea Scholar grant.